Edible fungi are popular food, edible fungi taste good, and rich in protein and amino acids, can provide the necessary nutrients for the human body. Artificially grown edible fungi and wild edible fungi, their taste is different, nutrient composition, compared to wild edible fungi, nutrient composition is more abundant.
Carbohydrates: wild mushrooms are rich in monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides. German scientists have found that some wild mountain fungi are rich in glucose, fructose, galactose, mannose, ribose and other aldose and ketose. Wild mountain fungi also contain high molecular polysaccharides which can significantly improve the function of the body's immune system.
Protein: Wild Mountain's protein content is much higher than other ordinary vegetables, while avoiding the risk of high fat, high cholesterol animal food. According to the determination, fungi contain about 30% ~ 45% of the dry weight, is Chinese cabbage, radish, tomato and other common vegetables 3 ~ 6 times. Wild mountain fungi not only have high total protein, but also have a complete variety of amino acids, about 178 kinds. In particular, the eight essential amino acids needed by humans are almost found in wild mushrooms. The rich protein provides fresh taste, which is also the mystery of the delicious taste of wild mushrooms.
Vitamin: The nutritional value of edible fungi is high, but also because it contains a variety of vitamins, especially water-soluble B vitamins and vitamin C, fat-soluble vitamin D content is higher.
There are two kinds of edible fungi sold on the market, dried edible mushrooms and fresh edible mushrooms. Dried edible fungi are easier to preserve than fresh edible mushrooms. Dry mushrooms last longer, but what do you do to keep them longer? The following is an example of dry letinous edodes.
Dry storage: letinous edodes has strong water absorbency. It is easy to oxidize and deteriorate when water content is high. Therefore, letinous edodes must be dried before storage. In storage containers, proper amount of lime or dry charcoal must be put in place to prevent moisture.
Low temperature storage: Lentinus edodes must be stored in a low temperature ventilated place. Conditionally, the container containing Lentinus edodes can be sealed and stored in a refrigerator or cold storage.
Storage in Avoidance of Light: Infrared rays in the light will make the mushroom warm, ultraviolet rays will illuminate, thus accelerating the deterioration of mushrooms. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid storing letinous edodes under strong light and avoid using transparent materials.
Sealed Storage: Oxidation reaction is the necessary process of mushroom quality change, if cut off oxygen supply can inhibit its oxidative deterioration. Letinous edodes can be stored in a sealed container such as iron cans and ceramic cylinders, and containers should be lined with food bags. To minimize the opening of the container, sealing to discharge the air inside the liner bag, conditional use of oxygen and nitrogen bag packing.
The storage method of dried mushroom is introduced here. Although the kinds of edible mushroom are different, the storage method can be used for reference. I hope we can help you.